Atopic dermatitis, a condition commonly known as eczema, is an inflammatory skin disease that is chronic and recurrent.
It starts in childhood, in most cases within the first six months and can last until adolescence or adulthood.
The percentage for our country is around 10%.
The exact causes are not fully known, but scientists have concluded that chronic atopic dermatitis is a combination of factor interactions including:
Disorder in the function of the skin barrier
Although eczema can occur in any area of the body, some areas are affected more often than others.
In the case of children it is observed mainly on the face, while, as they grow older, it extends to the arms and legs.
In the case of adolescents and adults, it is usually found on the knees, elbows and neck, wrists, ankles and, of course, on the hands.
Although there is no cure for eczema, proper treatment can reduce dryness and skin irritation.
Your dermatologist recommends avoiding substances that can irritate the skin (soaps, chemicals, etc.).
Attention should also be paid to foods such as milk, eggs, grains, nuts, chocolate, soy and fish, as they may exacerbate the problem.
Cortisone creams and antihistamines are indicated as treatment, depending on the case.
Rarely a dermatologist may prescribe an antibiotic if the rash area has become infected.